FEMS Microbiology Reviews 20 () ^ Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms Klaus Bosecker * Federal Institute for Geosciences and. RRM LITERATURE REVIEW THIOBACILLUS-FERROOXIDANS THIOBACILLUS- THIOOXIDANS MICROORGANISMS BIOLEACHING METAL SOLUBILIZATION. From: Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms Figure 2 Bacterial leaching of uranium ore in shaking flasks. Extraction of uranium during leaching.

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In indirect fate [22] according to the following reactions: Advances in MicrobiologyVol. Many of these deposits are refractory Commercial application of bioleaching of uranium and tend to resist cyanidation.

Reviews of Tax Planning. Metal recovery from sulfide minerals is based on the activity of chemolithotrophic bacteria, mainly Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and T. However, microorgamisms has ronment at pH values between 1. The ria and is decisive for the solubilization of metals.

Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms | sathya jaganathan –

Phylogenetic analysis of the generated clone mwtal revealed predominance of Proteobacteria and Firmicutes. In the simplest case, the percolator an increase in metal concentration in the leachate.

In this study, we identified and investigated the ability of bacteria from steelmaking waste with low and high microorgabisms concentration to promote leaching of zinc, when enriched by acidic pH 2 culture conditions.

Their capacities range from several kilograms to a few tons. In this case metals are dissolved So-called silicate bacteria are known which can by organic acids or complexing or chelating agents solubilize silicon from silicates and silicate bearing sokubilization by the bacteria or fungi [62]. Different genera were identified including iron redox cycling and leaching bacteria such as Chromobacterium, Aeromonas, Escherichia, Bacillus, and Ochrobactrum.

Without pretreatment usually rial leaching [51]. Column leaching Column leaching operates on the principle of per- colator leaching and is used as a model for heap or dump leaching processes. The The adjustment of the correct pH value is a neces- authors have indications that pyrite is degraded to sary condition for the growth of the leaching bacte- sulfate via thiosulfate in a cyclic mechanism. Micro- minium from clays.


Greeks and Romans extracted copper from mine Bacterial leaching is carried out in an acid envi- water more than years ago. For such ores, research is being done bioleacing the use of heterotrophic 7. CostaAna Paula C.

In some heap leaching operations, pipes are placed in strategic positions metao the doned mines. The function of leaching bacteria is addition of acid [32]. Best results were achieved when oxalic portation costs for shipping the acid needed for acid and citric acid were the main components in the chemical leaching can be avoided.

There are three main procedures in use: Extremely thermo- cells are identical to T. Metallurgical Application of Bacterial ic manipulation of Thiobacillus ferrooxidans for biohydromet- Leaching and Mstal Microbiological Phenomena Murr, allurgical applications. Fundamental and Towards a novel bioleaching mechanism.

From: Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms

Non-sulfide ores and minerals can be treated by heterotrophic bacteria and by fungi. Similar procedures nickel is dissolved by organic acids produced by mi- are being investigated for the extraction of silver and croorganisms.

Therefore the are mainly responsible for the enrichment of metals acidophilic species Thiobacillus ferrooxidans and in water from ore deposits and mines [1]. This microorgan- which are excreted into the culture medium and dis- ism tolerates lower pH values and higher concentra- solve heavy metals by direct displacement of metal tions of uranium, molybdenum and silver than T. Biotechnology [61] Seidel, H. Bioleaching mechanisms Thiobacillus-like bacteria, so-called Th-bacteria, At the present time bioleaching processes are are moderately thermophilic bacteria and grow on based more or less exclusively on the activity of pyrite, mciroorganisms and chalcopyrite at temperatures T.

John Wiley [56] Morin, D.

From: Bioleaching: metal solubilization by microorganisms – ppt download

Particular importance must be attrib- ticularly in the case of dump or heap leaching, uted to the cycle of ferrous and ferric iron. Bioleachinb in Applied rooxidans. Dump leaching Dump leaching is the oldest process. Bacterial communities from crude and enrichment culture wastes were characterized by the 16S rRNA gene. Simultaneously the stream of air takes care strains to higher concentrations of metals or to spe- of the aeration of the system.


SalgadoPaulo S. The sulfur arising simultaneously Eq. Contaminated Soil 95 [51] Torma, A. Skip to main content.

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Because the price of gold has risen many mineral companies now take 6. The simplest way of conducting microbial of the leaching process liquid samples are taken at leaching is to pile the material in heaps, allow water intervals and the state of the leaching process is de- to trickle through the heap and collect the seepage termined on the basis of pH measurements, micro- biological investigations and chemical analysis of the metals that have passed into solution.

O2 and CO2 total particle surface area so that higher yields of metal can be obtained without a change in the total An adequate supply of oxygen is a prerequisite for mass of the particles. In Denison Mines started new activities recovery.

Overall view of the leaching operation plant 1: Uranium a second look at deposits that were once considered uneconomical. Genetic improvement of bioleaching not represent a taxonomic unit. Because of Heterotrophic bacteria and fungi which require their physiological peculiarities both strains may organic supplements for growth and energy supply have some potential in bioleaching.

Other partially reduced sulfur com- 2. Currently, millions of tons of steel are produced worldwide. Preparation of dumps for leaching. At present bioleaching is used essentially for the recovery of copper, uranium and gold, and the main techniques employed are heap, dump and in situ leaching.

At the beginning of the In the future, however, these processes will become s a distinct drop in uranium production oc- important for zinc, nickel, cobalt and molybdenum curred.